From Encyclopedia Britannica eleventh edition.

The southern portion of the Punjab, India. The name, now obsolete, came into use in 1809, when the Sikh chiefs sout of the Sutlej passed under British protection, and was generally applied to the country south of the Sutlej and north of the Delhi territory, bounded on the E. by the Himalayas, and on the W. by Sirsa district. Before 1846 the greater part of this territory as independent, the chiefs being subject merely to cotrol from a political officer stationed atUmballa, and styled the agent of the governor-general for the Cis-Sutlej states.